Researchers are examining physiological and psychological measures of stress in police officers to evaluate potential associations of these measures with early signs of cardiovascular and metabolic disease.
The study will test whether the effect of a concentrated cocoa extract can help reduce heart disease and stroke and whether commonly used multivitamin supplements can help reduce the risk of cancer, particularly in older women.
As a follow-up to the 2003-2009 Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress Study, this project will examine how job stress affects police officers over time and detail specific causes of stress.
The study will evaluate whether increasing physical activity, reducing sedentary behavior and increasing muscle strength through resistance training in elderly women will reduce the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
This is a clinical trial and observational study with primary aims to determine how hormone therapy, diet and calcium/vitamin D affect risk of heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, and to determine the longer term effects of these interventions.
Jean Wactawski-Wende, PhD, principal investigator of UB’s Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) Center, discusses the significance of the WHI, one of the longest and most comprehensive studies ever done on postmenopausal women.