Despite groundbreaking biomedical and technologic discoveries taking place in the US, the national health care system trails behind most developed countries in clinical outcomes and population health, while consuming an astonishing 17% of the gross domestic product. [Source: National Healthcare Expenditure Projections, 2010-2020. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of the Actuary.] Similarly, aging populations and increased longevity, coupled with chronic health problems, have become a global challenge, putting new demands on medical and social services around the globe.
The demand to control costs while improving population health though meaningful and efficient patient-provider interactions is known as the Triple Aim. The Triple Aim was first introduced by then Director of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), Dr. Donald Berwick, in 2008 (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/27/3/759.full).
In concert with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and ongoing health care market reforms, focus on the Triple Aim has stimulated policy makers, academic institutions, think tanks, health insurance plans, healthcare providers, government and not-for-profit agencies to seek professionals who can evaluate patient outcomes and performance of healthcare system, identify cost outliers and financial inefficiencies, develop cost-effectiveness approaches for providing high quality patient care and implement change in care delivery and population health.
In response to this demand, we have developed a multidisciplinary program that combines innovative research with didactic training in core public health concepts, policy formulation, community health assessment, program intervention design, behavioral economics and financial incentives, implementation and dissemination research, program management and evaluation, and other core health services competencies.
Housed within the Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, the division draws from the School of Public Health and Health Professions’ faculty research and academic expertise across UB in the fields of health and behavioral economics, decision analysis, epidemiology, environmental health, biostatistics, community health and health behavior, and health services research and administration to support research and professional development necessary to reach the Triple Aim.