Full citation 569

Jarvenpaa, Sirkka L., and Ann Majchrzak. "Interactive self-regulatory theory for sharing and protecting in interorganizational collaborations." Academy of Management Review 41.1 (2016): 9+. Business Insights: Essentials.

Type: Non-experimental study

Knowledge user level addressed by the literature: Individual, Organizations, Sectors

Experience level of reader: Fundamental

Knowledge user(s) to whom the piece of literature may be relevant: Policy makers, Clinicians, Brokers, Manufacturers, Developers, Intermediaries, Users, Advocates, and Researchers.

Setting(s) to which the reported activities/findings are relevant: Community, Federal Lab, Government, Large business, Small business, University

Format: Peer-reviewed journal article

Annotation:Individuals working on inter-organizational projects have the unique challenge of simultaneously sharing and withholding information in cases where over-sharing is to the determent of the home organization. Past research applies rational, cognitive, and conversational perspectives for sharing enough information for a productive partnership without revealing knowledge not intended to be shared. This paper describes an emotional perspective labeled the interactive self-regulatory theory which factors in effects of time and individual emotions.

This article uses the Commercial Devices and Services version of the NtK Model



  • Goals for a productive knowledge sharing relationship may be in conflict with protecting one’s home organization needs, requiring participants to simultaneously share and protect knowledge.
    Experimental study
    Occurrences within the model: NtK 4.1, 4.4
  • The pressure to adequately share and protect knowledge creates emotional intensity within individuals. Experimental study
    Occurrences within the model: NtK 4.1, 4.4, KTA 3.E 


Segmenting knowledge into compartments and removing details makes application less apparent, and that helps protect valuable information from inadvertently being shared to a competitive disadvantage. Experimental study
Occurrences within the model: NtK 3.9, 4.1, 4.4 KTA 3.E


The relative sensitivity of information changes over time as context shifts. Information may lose or gain sensitive status depending on its potential use.
Experimental study

Occurrences within the model:  NtK 3.2, 4.4