Our faculty researchers are investigating critical health issues, including maternal and child health, substance use and abuse, aging, assistive technology and the epidemiology of chronic diseases such as cancer.
This project focuses on the preparation and writing of a book that will reflect a growing need for rigorous systematic presentations of classical and novel empirical likelihood (EL) approaches and their applications in biomedicine and health.
In the last decade, the HIV prevention field has witnessed a distinct shift, with emphasis on biomedical strategies to supplement behavioral interventions. One of these approaches is the use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), co-formulated antiretroviral medications taken to reduce the risk of HIV infection.
Projects focus on better understanding the factors related to the causation of cancer. For example, a study of African American families with a history of breast cancer will add to our understanding of the genetics of this disease and potentially lead to preventive measures.
Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive substance in the world and its use is increasing among children. Although considered safe, the majority of empirical data on the effects of caffeine have been collected in adults.
The Virtual Group Exercise at Home (V-GEAH) randomized controlled trial, funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), was completed. The results of the V-GEAH study was published in the Gerontology and Geriatrics: Research in summer 2016.
The Office of Global Health Initiatives is improving school and community health with a series of public health interventions in countries in Asia and Africa, working with villagers on key issues such as safe water.
Clinical Associate Professor John Stone’s work helps health and rehabilitation service providers bridge culture gaps by understanding their clients’ cultural orientations as the United States’ foreign-born population continues to rise.
Pavani Kalluri Ram is leading studies to evaluate hand washing behavior change programs promote handwashing with soap to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene in communities in Kenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
Working with the Child Health and Development Centre at Makerere University, Uganda, this study, led by OGHI founder Arthur Goshin, this study seeks to improve maternal health and birth weight, nutrition and growth in children.
Through a partnership with the World Health Organization’s tropical diseases research program and the Uganda Ministry of Health, this study will help design a plan for a new intervention to treat malaria in children in Uganda.
Location: Kampala, Uganda Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.
Collaborating with their colleagues in both hemispheres, UB researchers are conducting a case control study of breast cancer in Puerto Rico and implementing the first large-scale cervical cancer screening project in northeast India.
OGHI founder Arthur Goshin and his team are creating a community-based program in rural villages of India that focuses on children with a range of physical disabilities, and are developing training for workers who care for disabled children.