The Friday Letter is the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health's weekly e-newsletter featuring the latest research, opportunities and developments from CEPH-accredited schools and programs of public health.
U.S. Army Reserve and National Guard soldiers who experience greater feelings of guilt and other negative emotions about never having been deployed are more likely to misuse alcohol, according to new research from the University at Buffalo.
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) selected University at Buffalo research as an Extramural Paper of the Month. According to NIEHS, each paper of the month is selected “based on their important findings and potential for public health impact.”
A growing number of women in the U.S. are turning to heroin after first taking prescription opioid medication. This places them at greater risk for HIV and hepatitis C, and for spending time in the court system.
African-Americans are four times more likely to experience chronic kidney disease and failure than Caucasians. Kidney transplants have more than doubled in recipients above 65 years of age from 2000-08. And the prevalence of end-stage renal disease, or kidney failure, in the United States has continued to increase, particularly among elderly patients and African-Americans. These statistics are according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In accordance with knowledge of the disparity, researchers and clinicians are seeking a new understanding of why the age and race gap exists.
The New York State Office of Children and Family Services awarded a grant to the University at Buffalo for the “Equipment Loan Closet.” Funded through June 30, 2019, the project enables individuals with visual impairments to loan various assistive technology devices, for retention or obtainment of employment, or participation in education.
New research from the University at Buffalo has, for the first time, identified differences between men and women in their preferences for maintaining comfort both while exercising and in recovery. The results could one day inform the development of new athletic apparel. The human body has a variety of automatic mechanisms in place to respond to being too warm, including sweating and increased skin blood flow. But people also have voluntary ways of cooling themselves down. If you’re in a stuffy room, for example, you can remove your jacket. Scientists refer to these voluntary actions as “thermal behavior.”
University at Buffalo childhood obesity experts are praising a study published October 1 in JAMA Pediatrics that rigorously assessed how the home environments of young children who are genetically at high risk for obesity can influence whether they become overweight or obese.
A recent graduate of the University at Buffalo’s doctoral program in epidemiology and environmental health recently won first place in an international poster competition for her study assessing whether injury and types of injuries increased risk among adults for development of temporomandibular pain disorders, an orofacial pain condition.
An epidemiologist at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions is among nine scientists from across New York State awarded funding for breast cancer research as part of an initiative of Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo.
When asked, many people will say they don’t know their risk for common diseases, such as diabetes or colon cancer. Previous studies have shown that people who don’t know their risk are less likely to engage in behaviors that will protect them against it.
A University at Buffalo biostatistics researcher has received funding to apply the power of big data to enhance liver health in Western New York. Dr. Marianthi Markatou, professor of biostatistics in the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, was awarded $1.33 million over five years from the Troup Fund of the Kaleida Health Foundation.
They're called the "drunchies," or drunk munchies. It's the desire one has to eat salty, fatty, unhealthy foods during or after a night of heavy drinking. With obesity continuing to rise in America, researchers decided to look at a sample of college students to better understand how drinking affects what they eat, both that night and for their first meal the next day when, most likely, they're hungover. It should come as no surprise that they’re not eating kale smoothies and fresh oranges at 4 a.m.
Dr. R. Lorraine Collins, associate dean for research in the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, has been named to a working group created by New York Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo that will be tasked with drafting legislation on how to regulate marijuana use in New York State.
A University at Buffalo PhD candidate received an F31 Research Fellowship award from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a project related to obesity in adults.
New drugs and diagnostic tests go through years of clinical trials before being approved. But while regulatory approval is an enormous hurdle, getting through that process doesn't automatically ensure that patients have access to these medical innovations.
A University at Buffalo student co-authored a commentary on an underage drinking study that appeared in the June issue of the journal Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. The study — led by researchers at Shandong University, China and titled “Alcohol use among young adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries: a population-based study” — showed a high level of variation in underage drinking among low- and middle-income countries. There were also variations by sex. The study’s authors hypothesized that the variations in underage drinking could be due to contextual factors such as cultural beliefs, social norms, drinking age and legal barriers.
A University at Buffalo study published in The Journal of Urology reports that men with prostate cancer who had worse urinary, bowel and sexual function after surgery or radiotherapy than others experienced more emotional distress. Interestingly, the reverse was also true as experiencing more distress led to worse function. The likelihood of this reciprocal relationship highlights the importance of greater investment in psychosocial care to mitigate treatment side effects in prostate cancer survivors.
Dr. Gary Giovino, chair of the department of community health and health behavior at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, contributed to a review that was recently published online in the journal Addiction that compiled the most comprehensive and up-to-date sources of information on global patterns of use and the morbidity and mortality attributable to use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs. The report showed that the highest rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide were due to tobacco use, followed by alcohol use, and then illicit drugs.
A new study has identified several key factors in postmenopausal women that are associated with height loss, a common occurrence in this age group that is known to increase the risk for death and disease. One factor goes back to what study participants may — or may not — have done when they were just teenagers. “Having done strenuous exercise regularly, at least three times a week, in their teens was protective for later life height loss in our study,” said Dr. Jean Wactawski-Wende, the study’s senior author and dean of the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions.
Regular physical activity may help older women increase their mobility, but muscle strength and endurance are likely to succumb to the effects of frailty if they haven’t also been doing resistance training. That is according to the findings of a cross-sectional study led by the University at Buffalo and published in the journal Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics.
A paper published in March by researchers at the University at Buffalo and Rutgers shows significant increases in hookah use across three indicators – those who have never used hookah, those who currently do, and those smoke hookah frequently.
Communities across the United States are turning to mobile produce markets as a way to bring fresh, healthy food choices to underserved neighborhoods. But, are these veggie vans actually changing the way people eat? The National Cancer Institute, is funding the $3.1 million study led by researchers at the University at Buffalo aims to find out.
The amount of combat to which soldiers are exposed may have less of an effect on them than their perceptions of how traumatic that experience was, according to a study by University at Buffalo researchers. The study also found that being satisfied in marriage or a romantic partnership was protective for those who experienced high levels of trauma from combat.
Dr. Pavani Ram, associate professor of epidemiology and environmental health in University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, is among the contributors to a study showing that improving water, sanitation and hygiene in poor regions of Bangladesh helped overall health, but contrary to expectations, did not improve children’s growth and development.
University at Buffalo researchers played a role as part of an expert panel in the development of new guidelines released in January for managing fatigue in emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. Dr. John Violanti, a former New York State Police trooper who studies police stress and fatigue among public safety workers, helped draft the guidelines along with researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center headed by Dr. P. Daniel Patterson. The study was funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Dr. Lynn T. Kozlowski, professor in the department of community health and health behavior and former dean at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, has been appointed as a Fellow of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT).
Dr. Jihnhee Yu, associate professor in the department of biostatistics, and director of the Population Health Observatory at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, received funding to study secure ways of handling trauma data at a Buffalo-based hospital.
The University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions (SPHHP) will host the third annual Step Challenge as a way to unite the university and greater community while promoting healthy and active lifestyle choices.
Dr. Jessica Kruger, clinical assistant professor in the Department of Community Health and Health Behavior at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, has been appointed to the National Board of Directors for the Society of Student Run Free Clinics (SSRFC).
The University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions has a new chair in the Department of Rehabilitation Science. Dr. Sue Ann Sisto, a recognized leader in her field who was selected following an extensive national search, will join the University of Buffalo on January 18.