Faculty appointed to qualified ranks make an essential contribution to the overall instructional, research, and service missions of the School of Public Health and Health Professions. Within this personnel category, the prefix, "clinical" is used for those faculty members who have significant knowledge and experience in the discipline in which they are teaching or conducting research, or who are teaching in a clinical environment, wholly or in part. The prefix "research" is used for a faculty member who has appropriate qualifications and whose role is primarily in relationship with the Department's research programs. The prefix "adjunct" is used for a faculty member who is appropriately qualified and who performs teaching and/or research in connection with an academic program. Faculty members in the School of Public Health and Health Professions in any of these categories are academicians. Although the position and titles are qualified as being "clinical", "research" or "adjunct", the faculty member is expected to possess certain applied (i.e., non-academic) skills and the role of a clinical faculty member is distinctly different from the role of an applied professional in a non-university setting. A primary role of a faculty member in this category is to provide instruction in skills relevant to the practice, teaching, and science of the specific discipline. Promotion to any faculty rank with a qualified title is recognition of significant accomplishment and is never a reward merely for years of service.