Africa

Faculty and students are engaged in several projects in Africa, including working to reduce child mortality rates caused by malaria in Uganda, and evaluating hand washing promotion programs in Zambia.

Kenya perinatal handwashing study

Pavani Kalluri Ram, MD

Location: Meru County, Kenya
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

This study will test the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a program promoting hand washing with soap to pregnant women in Meru County, Kenya. The program will utilize antenatal health care providers and community health volunteers to promote the program to women using an interactive, storytelling approach and addressing individual barriers to hand washing at key times to interrupt pathogen transmission to the neonate. The Maternal handwashing study is funded by Save the Children.

Soapy water handwashing stations school-A pilot study in Kisumu, Kenya

Pavani Kalluri Ram, MD

Location: Kisumu, Kenya
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

This study will assess the feasibility and effectiveness of aredesigned handwashing system when coupled with a handwashing behavioral intervention in peri-urban primary schools in Kisumu, Kenya. Using a cluster-randomized trial approach that incorporates a stepped wedge design, the study seeks to understand usage and maintenance practices related to handwashing stations in primary schools in comparison to existing handwashing practices. The Soapy water handwashing station study was funded by USAID.

Waterless hand sanitizer for diarrhea prevention in a humanitarian emergency

Pavani Kalluri Ram, MD

Location: South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

In collaboration with colleagues from CDC, Dr. Ram's team conducted key informant interviews with experts and practitioners in water, sanitation and hygiene in humanitarian emergencies to understand the current state of handwashing promotion efforts. Subsequently, they assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practice of handwashing with soap in an on going humanitarian emergency in South Sudan using more rigorous methods of evaluation. In the near future, they will identify barriers and facilitators of hand hygiene promotion among populations affected by humanitarian emergencies in internally displaced persons camps in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  They will also evaluate effects of interventions employing visual cues, nudges, and emotion-based motivators on the behavior of displaced persons.

Monitoring and evaluation of UNICEF handwashing behavior change programs

Pavani Kalluri Ram, MD

Location: Kenya and Nepal
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

To develop robust monitoring and evaluation plans, and to collect the necessary data to evaluate UNICEF-supported handwashing promotion programs in Kenya and Nepal.

Cancer Screening Clinic

Arthur Michalek, PhD, FACE, Professor

Location: Nigeria
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

In partnership with a colleague at Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Michalek is establishing a cancer clinic in Nigeria for prevention, screening, and treatment.

Online Cancer Screening Modules

Arthur Michalek, PhD, FACE, Professor

Location: Middle East and North Africa
Department: Epidemiology and Environmental Health

Michalek is developing online modules for cancer screening in the Middle East and building a research and training program in North Africa.

Hearing Aids for Children

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

In collaboration with ReSound, Buffalo Hearing and Speech Center, and appropriate in-country organizations, Ashley Eisen, AuD, will test and fit a significant number of hearing disabled children with new hearing aids.

Preventing Sexual Abuse

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

This project, in collaboration with Educate, involves the development and implementation of a program in over 50 high schools in all the districts of Uganda designed to prevent sexual abuse. Each school has a mentor that now provides a curriculum which builds leadership and entrepreneurship.

Village-based Public Health Intervention

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Mukono District, Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

This project, with support from the Mpoma Community, provides support for weekly health education and screening services, throughout parts of the Nama sub-county, for family planning, HIV/AIDS, hypertension and deworming.

Non-Communicable Diseases / Chronic Illnesses

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

In partnership with the Makerere University School of Public Health and UB's School of Public Health and Health Professions this project's aim is to advance knowledge about the incidence, prevalence and impact of non-communicable diseases/chronic illness as the basis for developing a village-based pilot intervention.

Improving Capabilities of Community Health Workers

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

In partnership with the Uganda Ministry of Health, this project involves developing a pilot using mobile technology that enables community health workers to more effectively communicate, gather and provide critical data, and to better educate individuals and groups.

Tobacco Control

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Kampala, Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

This project facilitates collaboration between the Center for Tobacco Control in Africa and UB's School of Public Health and Health Professions.

Improving School and Community Health

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Mukono District, Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

In partnership with a rural community and the Johnson Nkosi Memorial HIV/AIDS Ophan Primary School, this project will provide a series of public health interventions to prevent illness and improve student health including insecticide-treated bed nets, safe water, sanitary latrines, handwashing and a dispensary.

Reducing Under Age Five Malaria Mortality Using Community-based Treatment

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

With the WHO/Tropical Diseases Research Program and the Uganda Ministry of Health, this study will help design a plan for rollout of a new intervention to treat malaria in children.

Preventing Malnutrition: Child and Maternal Health

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Mukono District, Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

In partnership with the Child Health and Development Centre at Makerere University, this study will evaluate interventions for those living in remote, rural villages. The goal is to improve maternal health, birth weight, health, nutrition and growth in children.

Treating Disabled Children

Arthur Goshin, MD, MPH

Location: Kampala, Uganda
Department: Office of Global Health Initiatives; available for faculty and student collaboration, as well as for on-site global health fellowships funded through the Office of Global Health Initiatives.

Collaborating with an in-country rehabilitation center, Katalemwa Cheshire Home, this study aims to design and implement a community-based program in remote, rural villages that identifies, diagnoses, treats and advances opportunities for children with a range of physical disabilities. The program includes referral for surgery when appropriate and/or the fitting of needed appliances. Family education and advocacy is also provided.

Additionaly, in collaboration with the Center for Disabilities and Rehabilitation, a project has been developed to involve the use of mobile technology to support the education of community based rehabilitation workers and families in the effective care and support of the children.