3 Credits, Fall Semester
Designed to provide you with a graduate‐level overview of the role of the social and behavioral sciences in understanding and addressing public health problems. Three general topics are covered. First, we examine how psychological, social, and environmental factors influence people’s health and wellbeing. Second, we explore factors that influence health behavior, including individual, social, and environmental/community influences. Third, we explore how understanding behavior and social/environmental influences on health informs public health approaches to improving health and preventing disease. The course prepares public health students to satisfy MPH competencies in social and behavioral sciences.
Introduction to the basic principles, methods, and uses of epidemiology. This course is a master’s/doctoral level course designed to introduce epidemiology, its methods and its role in public health. A major portion of the course will be devoted to an overview of fundamental epidemiologic methods used in public health research and practice. The student will be familiarized with basic measures used in describing disease frequency in populations. Descriptive and analytic approaches to the study of disease will be explored, and a perspective on the role of epidemiologic methods in health services planning and evaluation will be provided. Problem solving exercises will be used to provide students with an opportunity to tabulate data and apply subject matter developed during lectures and in reading assignments. At the end of the course students should have a general understanding of the uses and limitations of epidemiologic inquiry. This understanding should provide the basis for applying epidemiologic concepts in work-related settings and in other courses in the public health curriculum.
The course is for students in the public health sciences who seek to develop data analysis skills. The course includes emphasis on the application and interpretation of statistical tests using SAS software. Students will learn basic methods for data organization and management as well as skills in data exploration, graphical and tabular display. Topics include descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing for means, proportions, elementary non-parametric techniques, tests, ANOVA, correlations, linear and logistic regression. The course culminates in group data analysis projects.
Intended for students with little or no background in the biological sciences and health professions. The course provides a broad overview of public health topics related to human health and disease focusing on disease etiology with particular emphasis on parasitic and microbial infections plus a review of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of selected major organ systems and associated diseases of public health importance.
Introduces students to the historical development, structure, operation, and current and future directions of the major components of the American health care delivery and public health systems. It examines the ways in which health care services are organized and delivered, the influences that impact health care public policy decisions, factors that determine priorities in financing health care services and the relationship of health care costs to measurable benefits. The course enables students to assess the role of organized efforts to influence health policy formulation, and the contributions of medical technology, research findings, and societal values to the evolving U.S. health care delivery system. Class time is also devoted to exploring emerging policy, ethical and legal dilemmas resulting from medical and technological advances.
Cross listed with MGH 631 and LAW 718
Allows students to synthesize the knowledge and skills developed during the academic portion of their program in a practical application setting. Field training experiences vary depending upon the student’s interest and concentration area; experiences need to be approved by the MPH concentration director.
Introductory course that explores the role of environmental factors in health with an emphasis on characterization, assessment, and control of environmental hazards. Topics include application of toxicologic and epidemiologic methods in assessing risk and setting exposure limits; the nature of and control of hazards associated with food, water, air, solid and liquid waste, occupation, and radiation; risk communication and management, environmental justice; and environmental laws. The course concludes by examining the impact of human activity, such as energy use and pollution, on the environment and how human-induced environmental change, in turn, impacts public health and that of the planet as a whole.
Prerequisites: EEH 501 and EEH 550
Advanced course designed to provide students with the latest knowledge and an in-depth discussion of how the environment interacts with human biological systems and potentiates various health effects over the life cycle. The course includes a detailed examination of environmental hazards, exposure assessment, human susceptibility, biological response pathways, application of biomarkers in environmental health studies and the disease burden of environmental exposure. The course focuses on three major environmental topics: air pollution, water pollution and food safety.
This course introduces students to major public health issues from a practice-based perspective. Through presentations by public health leaders and practitioners, readings, group discussion, class activities and analyses, students practice integrating concepts to better understand issues, and develop recommendations for responses based on evidence, and ethical and cultural considerations. Primary areas of exploration for this course are ethics, evidence, policies, leadership, collaboration, cultural competence and communication. Course content focuses on major public health issues today, and comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American Public Health Association (APHA), World Health Organization (WHO), local and state health departments, community-based organizations, healthcare organizations, and other agencies.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
The purpose of the integrative projects is for MPH students to integrate core public health knowledge and skills. It will take the form of a paper prepared during the concluding semester of the student’s program.
Information from the UB Graduate Academic Schedule.
An introduction to the basic principles and practice of toxicology, including dose-response and toxicokinetic analysis. We will also cover chemical mutagenesis and carcinogenesis, with an emphasis on understanding mechanisms for these responses. An overview of risk assessment will include quantitative aspects of cancer and non-cancer based risk assessments.
Information from the UB Graduate Academic Schedule.
This course takes a systemic approach to toxicology, including developmental toxicology. We will investigate the adverse effects of several classes of chemicals at specific target organs, including the liver, lung and kidney, and the endocrine, nervous, reproductive and immune systems. The course emphasizes understanding the mechanism(s) for the adverse responses of specific agents at a given target site.
This course surveys the sources, fates, effects and control of air pollution and air pollutants and covers industrial, agricultural and municipal contributions to acid rain, smog, and toxic air pollutants in fish and humans. LEC.
Waste management continues to be a major global challenge for environmental engineers and other stakeholders. Technical, regulatory and societal aspects of Hazardous and Solid Waste Management are addressed. Topics related to Hazardous Waste include: (1) evolution of current laws dealing with hazardous waste disposal and cleanup; (2) investigation and remediation contaminated sites; and (3) environmental fate and transport of hazardous chemicals. Solid Waste topics include (1) social, economic and political forces that influence the waste management industry; (2) current laws governing solid waste management; and (3) emerging concepts, including Integrated Solid Waste Management, Materials Management, and Life Cycle Analysis. For both focus areas, a strong emphasis is placed on communication of technical issues to the public.
Students are strongly recommended to contact course instructor discussing the suitability and waiving the prerequisite before the registration of the course.
Provides an overview of compelling public health problems among the world’s poor. Topics addressed will include infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis; the rise of tobacco-related disease; the role of water, hygiene, and sanitation in the prevention of disease; maternal and neonatal mortality; surveillance; and disaster response in the resource-poor setting. Students will gain practical experience in developing and presenting strategies for the implementation and evaluation of public health programs in the resource-poor setting.
Prerequisites: EEH 501
Provides epidemiology and environmental health students with a working knowledge of epidemiologic theory and practice applied to issues of environmental health. Case studies and specific environmental issues will be used to illustrate the application of epidemiologic theory to understand the role of environmental factors in the etiology of disease.
Introduction to the use of high-speed digital computers in geographic research. Topics include advanced programming, introductory machine architecture, large file handling and data base management systems, computer graphics and digitizing. Students are expected to complete a major applications programming project as part of the course requirement.
The conditions of a broken food system have drawn the attention of disparate stakeholders including social justice advocates, public health professionals as well as those interested in the welfare of farmers. Planners and policy makers can play an important role in supporting community food systems that are economically and socially just, healthy, and environmentally sustainable for residents, farmers, and other food system stakeholders. In this seminar, students will learn to deploy planning skills to facilitate and strengthen community food systems. Students will critically assess a community’s food system and examine the ways in which a community’s food system can be strengthened using programs, policy, and planning tools.
This graduate seminar focuses on the interactions between the built environment and human health including physical health, mental health, and social well-being. First shaped by socioeconomic, cultural, and political forces, the built environment then contributes to shaping the way people carry on activities related to everyday life, work, and play. People’s life styles therefore first contribute to form the built environment and then go on to be influenced by the built environment.
Students will develop a conceptual understanding of the environmental determinants of health, and the utility and limits of planning in promoting health. Topics to be explored include: historical connections between planning and public health, physical activity and the built environment, obesity and the food environment, safety and stress, environmental contribution to mental health, health impact assessment, and planning tools for healthy communities.
Students will discuss assigned readings each week. Discussions will be led and facilitated by peer discussants as well as the instructor. They will produce a 15-page paper and a short presentation on a topic of choice. Key objectives of this seminar are (1) to understand overall research trends; (2) to find the mechanisms by which the built environment has impacts on health behaviors/outcomes; (3) to become familiar with the literature covering, research methods, and current research gaps; and (4) to become familiar with approaches and methods to modify the built environment to enhance health.
This is a graduate-level seminar type course.