Full citation

Major, E. & Cordey-Hayes, M. (2000). Knowledge Translation — A New Perspective on Knowledge Transfer and Foresight. Foresight, 2(4), 411-423.

Format: Peer-reviewed article

Type: Research — Non-experimental

Experience level of reader: Fundamental

Annotation: The authors describe a conceptual framework for knowledge translation that integrates knowledge transfer node and knowledge transfer process work of previous researchers. Nodes progress from data to information to knowledge to understanding to wisdom and to action. Processes (which reflect the pathways between nodes) include collection, collation/summarization, translation/interpretation, assimilation and commitment.

Setting(s) to which the reported activities/findings are relevant: University

Knowledge user(s) to whom the piece of literature may be relevant: Researchers

Knowledge user level addressed by the literature: Organization

This article uses the Commercial Devices and Services version of the NtK Model

Primary Findings

Model: Conceptual framework for knowledge translation – integrates knowledge transfers node and knowledge transfer process work of previous authors (Cohen, Cooley, Horton, Slaughter & Trott). The framework incorporates the dual meaning of the word translation. It can refer to movement from one place to another place, much the same as the word transfer. It can also refer to putting something into an understandable form. Both meanings are appropriate to the context that knowledge translation is both the movement of knowledge from one place to another, and the altering of that knowledge into an understandable form. The combination of nodes and processes is a follows. The initial node is raw data. The first process is to collect this into information. The second process is collation and summarization of this information into knowledge. Knowledge is the end point of Horton’s phase one. The third process exactly follows Horton’s phase two; the translation and interpretation of knowledge into understanding. Understanding is then assimilated within the organization into wisdom, from which a commitment to positive action can follow. The processes in this integrated framework are the ways of reaching the successive nodes (Cohen, 1990; Cooley, 1987; Horton, 1999; Slaughter, 1995; Trott, 1995).
Conceptual framework for knowledge translation.

Secondary Findings

Model: Stages in the knowledge transfer process — for inward technology transfer to be successful, an organization should be able to search and scan for information which is new to the organization; recognize the potential benefit of this information by associating it with internal organizational needs and capabilities; communicate these to and assimilate them within the organization; and apply them for competitive advantage. (Trott [1995])