Full citation

Hong, J., Heikkinen, J. & Blomqvist, K. (2010). Culture and Knowledge Co-Creation in R&D Collaboration Between MNCs and Chinese Universities. Knowledge & Process Management, 17(2), 62-73.

Format: Peer-reviewed article

Type: Research — Non-experimental

Experience level of reader: Fundamental

Annotation: This paper uses a conceptual framework to describe the relationship between host-country culture and knowledge interaction in university-industry research and development collaborations. The framework is comprised of six dimensions: cultural orientation (task-oriented or relation-oriented), knowledge type (explicit or tacit), knowledge interaction strategy (exploitation or exploration), knowledge interaction approach (technology and knowledge transfer or knowledge integration or collaborative knowledge creation), capability development (exploiting or augmenting) and research task (basic or applied). Each of these dimensions is explored in detail using China as the host-culture and multinational corporations interacting with Chinese universities.

Setting(s) to which the reported activities/findings are relevant: Large business, University

Knowledge user(s) to whom the piece of literature may be relevant: Manufacturers, Researchers

Knowledge user level addressed by the literature: Organization

This article uses the Commercial Devices and Services version of the NtK Model

Primary Findings

Model: Host-Country Culture and Knowledge Interaction in University-Industry Research and Development Collaborations — a conceptual framework that suggests that successful collaboration depends on the critical alignment of six dimensions: cultural orientation (task-oriented or relation-oriented), knowledge type (explicit or tacit), knowledge interaction strategy (exploitation or exploration), knowledge interaction approach (technology and knowledge transfer or knowledge integration or collaborative knowledge creation), capability development (exploiting or augmenting) and research task (basic or applied).
National culture and knowledge co-creation influences in industry-university R&D collaborations.

Tip: Research and development related knowledge interaction (defined as mutual and two-way exchange of knowledge) between industry and university can demonstrate significant mutual benefit when there is strong alignment between project-related knowledge type (explicit versus tacit), capability development practices (exploiting versus augmenting) and research task (basic versus applied).
National culture and knowledge co-creation influences in industry-university R&D collaborations.

Secondary Findings

Tips:

  • There are at least three types of university-industry research and development related approaches to knowledge interaction: technology and knowledge transfer, knowledge integration and collaborative knowledge creation. (Hong [2007])
  • The key task of global knowledge management is to foster and direct collaborative cross-cultural learning and development. (Holden [2001, 2008])