Objective as Proposed:
Project R1 is identifying Barriers (B) to Knowledge Translation (KT) for Technology Transfer (TT) as well as the corresponding Carriers (C) used to overcome those Barriers. Knowledge synthesis techniques are being used to analyze all the acknowledged Models, Methods, and Measures (MMM) of KT for TT. All of this information will be mapped onto two respective process models, the Product Development Managers Association (PDMA) model for TT, and the Knowledge to Action (KTA) model for KT. MMM and B/C will be extracted from a comprehensive mix of existing syntheses, current research reports, in-house content experts, and Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) and Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) practitioners. The resulting outputs of R1 will be used to populate a knowledge base (D2) and also assist with intervention studies (R3 and D1).
Project R1 outputs will be a set of KT tools equivalent to an existing set of TT tools. These KT tools will permit the applicant to implement the KTA model at an operational level, as the applicant has applied the TT version of these tools with success for an extended timeframe. The operational level means the applicant and potential knowledge producers will be able to understand what tools can be used to effectively communicate knowledge to the various knowledge user categories, in forms and terms they will recognize, understand, and value. These same tools will help anticipate the barriers and the requisite carriers which may be encountered along the Knowledge to Action process.
Project R1 is intended to address the NIDRR priorities: (A) Improved understanding of barriers to, and facilitators of, successful KT for technology transfer in different industries related to NIDRR’s technology portfolio; (A) (1) Identifying and compiling existing research-based knowledge about barriers to, and [carriers] of successful KT for technology transfer; and (B) Advance knowledge of best practices in KT for technology transfer; (B) (1) Identifying existing models, methods, or measures of KT for technology transfer in different industries related to NIDRR’s technology portfolio.
Project R1 Accomplishments:
Objectives as Proposed:
Project R2 is conducting two types of qualitative research to identify the barriers and carriers for accomplishing knowledge utilization. First, the project is compiling sets of technology-based innovations generated by three RERC’s (Knowledge Producers) in their prior funding cycle, by reviewing innovations nominated by the RERC’s and then by an external review of their “innovativeness.” The resulting innovations will provide a sample pool for Project R3. Second, the project is conducting primary and secondary market research to explore the interests and capabilities of stakeholder groups (Knowledge Users to apply research outputs. This exploration is addressing the organization-level of users by interviewing spokespersons for national organizations representing each of six stakeholder groups.
Project R2 Accomplishments:
Objective as Proposed:
Project R3 will commence in Year 2. It will implement and evaluate a KT intervention designed to accomplish the effective translation and communication of knowledge outputs (innovations) generated by Grantees (Knowledge Producers), that can be applied by various Stakeholders (Knowledge Users). The intervention approach will follow the Knowledge to Action Model, with the project team playing a facilitator role to promote knowledge use. The results will be compared to the knowledge use achieved by the Grantee through traditional Knowledge Dissemination and Utilization practices.
Project R3 Accomplishments:
A) The subject matter for the three studies was papers authored by NIDRR Grantees, published in peer-reviewed journals to ensure rigor. Internal and external project panels vetted the candidate papers to ensure their findings were deemed relevant to non-traditional stakeholder groups.
B) Selected papers deemed rigorous and relevant were prepared for distribution to sets of participants from each of six stakeholder groups, randomly assigned to three treatment groups. Note that the policymaker group was eliminated from the project’s inclusion due to the inability to recruit participants from Federal government agencies during the first study.
C) Study participants were recruited nation-wide so the project required a web-based survey instrument, and this instrument needed to measure various levels of knowledge use. No such instrument existed so the project team allocated time to design, test, validate and administer a new on-line survey instrument: Level Of Knowledge Use Survey (LOKUS).