Step 3.4

If there is a need to conduct original scientific research in order to generate new knowledge in the form of conceptual discoveries, prepare/submit proposals and secure funding from appropriate sponsor. If not, skip Steps 3.5 — 3.7 and go directly to Step 3.8.

Primary findings

Secondary findings

Primary findings

Barriers

Research-based scholarly publications rarely include information that itemizes associated costs and benefits, or facilitates planning and budgeting. Other common absences of information include implementation-related factors such as the availability of practice guidelines, staffing requirements, educational prerequisites, training needs, and performance life-cycles. Researchers often have many of the answers, but journals rarely consider the information to be within their scope of coverage.
Literature review and professional reflections.
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Research-based scholarly publications rarely include information that itemizes associated costs and benefits, or facilitates planning and budgeting. Other common absences of information include implementation-related factors such as the availability of practice guidelines, staffing requirements, educational prerequisites, training needs, and performance life cycles. Researchers often have many of the answers, but journals rarely consider the information to be within their scope of coverage.
Literature review and professional reflections.
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Methods

Managing the innovation process, including obtaining timely, appropriate funding for all stages of the discovery pipeline and generating commercial outcomes, is crucial to ensuring firm survival.
Authors experience.
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Senior Management and External Stakeholders — image managing, information seeking — As NPD in biotechnology is a many year project, it is essential that the role of the fundraiser is performed to ensure a steady flow of investment funds. Subjects indicated that the external communication to the funds analysts and venture capitalists could be considered ‘Investor Relations’ or ‘Public Relations.’ In return, these stakeholders require information about the firm’s milestones, progress and future research to continue funding.
Case study analysis
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Tips

If funding organizations are going to require explicit identification of knowledge translation activities in research proposals, the funding organizations should ensure that researchers fully understand the purpose and processes associated with knowledge translation. Funding organizations should also strongly encourage researchers to consider the addition of relevant knowledge translation thinking and activities early in the research planning stages. It is important that researchers demonstrate awareness of the value and benefits of incorporating knowledge translation in their projects, and not just appear to be complying with funder requirements by ‘ticking-off-boxes.’
Knowledge translation guidance for researchers.
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If the integrated KT approach (which leverages the involvement of key stakeholders from research inception to completion) is used, ensure that adequate funding is allocated for promotional activities (e.g., public appearances, including information booths at local malls, storefronts and community exhibits; newsletters, public awareness campaigns and advertisements.
Applying integrated KT in Mental Health research.
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Secondary findings

Barriers

Despite an abundance of academic and scientific expertise, biotechnology firms suffer from a lack of management skill and knowledge. This lack of skills and knowledge impacts on the firm’s ability to manage NPD as well as to secure the funding required for sustained performance.
Source: Ernst_&_Young (2001), Department of Industry Science and Resources and Ernst & Young (1999). In: Frahm, J., Ireland, D.C., & Hine, D. (2007)

Methods

A guide to assist reviewers in assessing health research knowledge translation plans.
Source: Georing (2010). In: Ward, V., Smith, S., Foy, R., House, A. & Hamer, S. (2010)

The primary source for knowledge translation guidance in the UK is contained within the online electronic application used by all state-funded research councils. Additional advice is provided by the Natural Environment Research Council. Some universities also provide advice in response to impact plans.
Source: BBSRC (2009); AHHRC (2010); EPSRC (2010); NERC (2009a); Imperial College (2009). In: Ward, V., Smith, S., Foy, R., House, A. & Hamer, S. (2010)

Tips

When designing a knowledge translation communication strategy, researchers should consider how best to determine all costs associated dissemination.
Source: Harmsworth (2001); Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (2004). In: Wilson, P.M., Petticrew, M., Calnan, M. W. & Nazareth, I. (2010)