Competency Group: Business
Description: Information technology (IT) can be used for the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications are its main fields. Some of the modern and emerging fields of Information technology are next generation web technologies, bioinformatics, cloud computing, global information systems, large scale knowledgebases, etc. Advancements are mainly driven by the field of computer science. Information technology enables broad communication and information sharing through a global network. For example, e-mail and company websites etc.
Citation for Description: Information technology. (2011). Retrieved from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_technology Longley, Dennis, Shain, &Michael. (1985). Dictionary of Information Technology (2 ed.), Macmillan Press, p. 164.
Advantages: In current times the need for IT professional skills within the development community is essential. Very quick access to global information concerning very particular products and services is provided.
Limitations: There is always the chance of computer failure and the loss of large amounts of work. If switches are not working, the competitive advantage can be lost.
Target Audience: All
Relevant to Universal Design: Yes
Stages and Steps: 4.6, 4.11
Purchase Resource: Ozer, M. (2000). Information technology and new product development: Opportunities and pitfalls. Industrial Marketing Management, 29(5), 387-396.