Clauss, T. and T. Kesting (2017). "How businesses should govern knowledge-intensive collaborations with universities: An empirical investigation of university professors." Industrial Marketing Management 62: 185-198.
Format: Peer-reviewed article
Type: Non-experimental study
Experience level of reader: Fundamental
Annotation: This paper elaborates on the finer aspects of governance and knowledge sharing between universities and businesses (UBC). Knowledge takes the form of information, practical knowledge, and feedback. Different types of governance affect relationships formed in the name of furthering innovation. Research can examine knowledge generation through many polarities. Knowledge sharing among parties can be distinguished from jointly created knowledge; integration of knowledge is not necessarily the same as knowledge utilization.
Governance mechanisms are frameworks that facilitate knowledge sharing and joint-creation. They serve to structure the exchange relationships and address risks such as intellectual property conflicts. They define norms, dictate activities and foster bonds. Transactional governances are formal partnerships that prioritize economic and address intellectual property concerns legally whereas relational governance emphasizes personal ties and relies on interpersonal relationships to build trust in order to prevent unethical monopolization of shared knowledge.
Setting(s) to which the reported activities/findings are relevant: Large business, Small Business, University.
Knowledge user(s) to whom the piece of literature may be relevant: Brokers, Manufacturers, Researchers.
Knowledge user level addressed by the literature: Basic
This article uses the Commercial Devices and Services version of the NtK Model
Collaboration with universities has some distinct advantages over partnerships with other businesses:
Occurrences within model: Occurrences: NtK Step 2.3
Transactional governance signified by legally binding terms is more prudent for short term projects than relational governance, which requires time to produce trust-based working relationships.
Occurrences within model: NtK steps 4.1, 4.4
Knowledge sharing in university-business collaboration (UBC) occurs under both transactional and relational governance. Knowledge sharing in a UBC includes knowledge combination, learning, and copoiesis (co-creation). This process contributes to achievement of joint goals.
Occurrences within model: NtK Step 1.3, 2.1