Best, A., Hiatt, R.A., & Norman, C.D. (2008). Knowledge Integration: Conceptualizing Communications in Cancer Control Systems. Patient Education and Counseling, 71(3), 319-327.
Format: Peer-reviewed article
Type: Research — Non-experimental
Experience level of reader: Fundamental
Annotation: This article explored the creation and use of knowledge on an individual, organizational and systems level. Three application models — linear models, relationship models, and systems models are compared, and practical implications are discussed.
Setting(s) to which the reported activities/findings are relevant: Government, University
Knowledge user(s) to whom the piece of literature may be relevant: Policy Makers, Researchers
Knowledge user level addressed by the literature: Sector
This article uses the Commercial Devices and Services version of the NtK Model
Barrier: 76% of the decision makers they surveyed cited
the lack of evidence relevance to their setting as a major barrier
to its use. Relevance is largely an issue of external validity, an
issue that has been neglected by most scientific investigators as
they strive for greater internal validity in its work.
Occurrence of finding within the model: KTA Step 1.C
Model: The emphasis on investigator-initiated discovery
and viewing knowledge independent of its potential application has
been described as Mode I science. Mode II science emphasizes
problem-focused knowledge creation, where discoveries are made in
the service of a larger initiative to provide solutions to social
problems or create innovative products, often in collaboration with
a cross-section of investigative teams.
Tip: Such broad community engagement also necessitates
involvement of the professional community in d1alogue that goes
beyond traditional disciplines, roles and responsibilities towards
a transdisciplinary approach to science and practice if knowledge
is to be adequately moved through this complex system.
Occurrence of finding within the model: Step 3.1, Step 1.1